The work of the Father is concerned with his authority over and presence with his people. We noted previously that the consequence of addressing Jesus as Lord is that all believers see themselves as his servants, so the consequence of addressing God as Father is that all believers see themselves as equal members of his family, which is an obvious statement of unity.
Paul mentions three areas in which the Father’s activity should result in an enhanced unity among us. First, he is above all, that is, he is sovereign over his family. Second, he is through all, which means that he fulfils his purpose by using each of his people to bring it about; he does not ignore the contribution of any of his people and neither should they. Third, he is in all, which refers to his intimate involvement with each.
Here are some other matters connected to the unity of believers:
Christian unity should be a reflection of the unity that exists in God. The three persons of the Trinity work together, with each contributing to the one purpose.
Christian unity involves spiritual life. The indwelling of the Spirit is essential for maintaining unity. Therefore, when we grieve the Spirit we hinder the progress of unity.
Christian unity involves solidarity with Jesus Christ. Unity is known to the degree that Jesus is honoured.
Christian unity is expressed as sonship, as members of God’s family. We are to show to the world that we belong to the one family.
Therefore, Christian unity is something for which we depend on God. We look to him for its increase, for his ongoing enabling in order that we will live in harmony despite our sins and failings.