In this section Micah focuses on events that were to take place in about one hundred years’ time. He begins by describing the city of Jerusalem just before it was overthrown. The people would be in great distress because they would have no rulers to guide them. Things would seem to have come to an end as far as God’s kingdom was concerned (v. 9).
Micah informs them that it will get worse before it will get better – not only will their city be devastated, they will be taken to exile in Babylon (v. 10). Yet there, the prophet assures them, they as a people will experience the Lord’s mighty deliverance, on a par with what he had done for them when he delivered them from Egypt. This would be a challenge to the faith of those Israelites. Could their God keep the promises he had made?
The prophet reminds his listeners that they should always look at things from God’s perspective. They would yet see the city of Jerusalem surrounded by hostile forces intent on its destruction. Those nations did not realise that the Lord was working for their destruction and he was going to use the Jews as his reapers (vv. 11-12).
Despite their weakness in themselves, his presence with them would make them very strong (v. 13). Through their Lord, they would attain universal dominion. And they would be marked by total dedication to the Lord, illustrated by the decision to devote their booty to God.
This is the difference that the presence of the King makes to the fortunes of his people. No matter how dark things can get, he is able to restore his cause and make it powerful and prominent again.